Monthly Archives: February 2020

9 Pairs of Spanish Words That are Easily Confused

Aprender un idioma no es fácil (Learning a language isn’t easy). You have to learn vocabulary, study the grammar, practice the accents, and so much more. I’ve been a language teacher and student for over ten years now and I’m well aware of this! Something that always trips me up is when two or more words sound very similar. In this post, I’ll introduce 9 pairs of Spanish words that are easily confused to help you out.

Hombre, Hombro y Hambre

First up is this trio of words: hombre (man), hombro (shoulder) and hambre (hunger). Go ahead and read them all out loud a few times and you’ll quickly see where the confusion comes from.

When you’re hungry, you should say “Tengo hambre,” which literally means “I have hunger.” Make a simple mistake and say “Tengo hombre” and you’re saying “I have a man.” I once made that mistake to my Spanish teacher, who replied “¡Felicidades! ¿Cual es su nombre?” (Congratulations! What’s his name?).

If you accidentally said “Tengo hombro,” you’d just be telling someone that you have a shoulder. They might find that a bit odd of you to say and wonder why you don’t have two like everyone else.

Mayor y Mejor

I don’t know why, but I always confuse mayor (older/bigger) with mejor (better). They really don’t sound that similar, but I think the issue is that they are both used to make comparisons. The fact that they both start with m and have two syllables doesn’t help, either…

Soy el mejor! Or wait… el mayor!

Tengo seis hermanos menores (I have six younger siblings), so I always make this mistake when talking about mi familia. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve said “Soy el mejor” (I’m the best) instead of “Soy el mayor” (I’m the oldest). At least I usually get a laugh out of people when I say that!

 

Papá y Papa

This next one is a bit funny and it shows the importance of accent marks in Spanish. Papá means “father” or “dad.” Interestingly, papa can mean either “potato” or “pope.” This reminds us the importance of capitalization – el papa (the potato) vs. El Papa (the Pope).

El Papa! (Not el papa)…

Here’s a funny example that can help you remember these easily confused Spanish words – “El Papa y mi papá comen papas” (The Pope and my dad eat potatoes). I have an even more hilarious example coming up after I explain the next one…

 

Año y Ano

Many gringos get tripped up by the Spanish letters n and ñ. That’s not just a funny accent mark there – it’s a whole other letter. Go back and watch my video from the Beginner Spanish course on el alfabeto if you need to…

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=un51zqbyKwc?feature=oembed&w=500&h=281]

The word año means “year” while ano means “anus,” so you can see why you wouldn’t want to mix these two up! Turn that Spanish keyboard on so you don’t end up texting your friend “¡Feliz ano nuevo!” Nobody wants to be wished a “Happy New Anus!”

To show how hilarious it can be when you make mistakes with the last two pairs on our list, just consider the following sentences:

  • Mi papá tiene 44 años (My dad is 44 years old)
  • Mi papa tiene 44 anos (My potato has 44 anuses).

I’m sure you’ll never mix those up again after considering those examples!

 

Cansado/Cansada y Casado/Casada

This pair of easily confused Spanish words trips a lot of people up. You see, cansado/cansada means “tired,” while casado/casada means “married.” Think about the confusion if you were to tell someone “I’m married” when you meant to say “I’m tired!”

Amo a mi esposa.

There’s more to it than just the familiar sound and spelling of these words, though. To really get at the root of the issue here, we also need to talk about the two verbs meaning “to be” in Spanish…

 

Estar y Ser

Well if it isn’t good old estar and ser – the two pesky verbs that drive people learning Spanish crazy. We’ve written many posts over the years about the difference between estar and ser, so go check out some of those old posts for more practice.

My teacher described estar as being more temporary conditions, while ser conveys a more permanent condition. For example, “Estoy en México” (I’m in Mexico) vs. “Soy mexicano” (I’m Mexican). Obviously, there’s a big difference between the two.

Estoy en Mexico, pero no soy mexicano…

Here’s another good example that makes the difference pretty clear – “Estoy cansado” means “I’m tired” while saying “Soy cansado” means “I’m boring/tiring.” You can see why someone might laugh when you tell them outright that you’re boring!

Combine this with the pair of easily confused words above, and the potential for hilarious mistakes is high. For a man, “Estoy cansado” means “I’m tired” while “Soy casado” means “I’m married.” Of course, this can lead to some funny mistakes!

My teacher in Puerto Vallarta had a good joke to help me remember this one. He said his wife always tells people “Estoy cansada de ser casada,” which means “I’m tired of being married.”

Caro y Carro

This next one is only confusing when you’re traveling in Latin America. You see in Spain, car is coche, but in Latin America it’s carro. As such, it’s very easily confused with caro (expensive).

The difference here is that you’re meant to roll the double r in carro. After 3 years in Latin America I still can’t do that, so the words sound exactly the same when I say them! How about you?

Me gutsa este carro, pero es caro.

Unfortunately I don’t have any funny examples for you with this one. Just try to say this and practice rolling your r’s – ¡Este carro es muy caro! (This car is very expensive!).

 

Miedo y Mierda

We’re back to the toilet humor with this next pair – miedo (fear) and mierda (crap/shit). Here’s another example that could result in a pretty funny misunderstanding, as saying “Tengo mierda” instead of “Tengo miedo” would mean “I have shit” where you mean to say “I’m scared.”

Lucha Libre in Mexico

Mexican wrestling in DF and Guadalajara!

I don’t really have a problem mixing these up as I’m a big fan of professional wrestling, both the American and Mexican versions. There’s a tag team called the Lucha Brothers whose catchphrase is “Cero Miedo” (Zero Fear). It most definitely is not “Cero Mierda” (Zero Shit)!

Speaking of lucha libre, you can read my post all about it and check out this short video:

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iAmuXEQlSOw?feature=oembed&w=500&h=281]

 

Caballo y Cabello

Compliments never work so well when you use the wrong word. That’s why you’ll want to make sure you know the difference between cabello (hair) and caballo (horse).

Don’t be surprised if your pickup line goes awry, dudes, if you say “Tu caballo es muy bonito!” (Your house is very beautiful).

 

Embarazada y Avergonzada

This final pair on our list may seem a bit odd. After all, reading them out loud will lead you to realize they don’t sound alike at all. The spelling isn’t really all that similar, either. So what gives?

You know how a lot of Spanish words sound just like their English equivalent? I’m thinking of computadorasofámúsica, café – the list goes on. Well then, it’s no surprise if you think that embarazada likely means “embarrassed” in Spanish. You would, of course, be very, very wrong…

What’s funny about this one is that embarazada actually means “pregnant,” while avergonzada is the actual Spanish word for “embarrassed.” So if you accidentally say “Estoy embarazada,” you’re saying “I’m pregnant.” That’s sure to make you feel embarrassed, especially if you’re a guy!

 

Can you think of some pairs of Spanish words that are easily confused? Do you have a funny story of a time you made a mistake when confusing words? Leave a comment and let us know!

 

Advanced Spanish Listening Practice – Spanish weather phrases and vocabulary

In this Spanish lesson we are going to practice using useful Spanish weather vocabulary and phrases. As usual, first we will review some relevant grammar and vocabulary and then see if you can follow a short listening.

Spanish weather phrases and vocabulary

Image courtesy of Pixabay.com

This lesson is part of a Spanish course that practices the grammar and vocabulary first introduced in my Advanced Spanish course posted here on the Transparent Language blog. Let’s test your listening comprehension and see if you can understand a short audio in Spanish. The transcript to the audio will be given at the end of the post but please try not to look at it until you have tried playing and understanding the audio a few times.

Use the following link to watch the corresponding video lesson of the original course:

Advanced Spanish Lesson – Spanish weather phrases and vocabulary

Now play the audio to listen a conversation. Can you understand what is being said? Play the audio a few times before you look at the transcript. Don’t worry if you don’t understand every single thing the two people are saying. Try to catch whichever words you can and then try to piece things together to work out what is being said.

(Play the audio a few times before you scroll down and look at the transcript)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Transcript:

Paul: Hola Mónica ¿Cómo estás? ¿Qué tal tus vacaciones en Madrid?

Mónica: Bueno, regular. La primera semana bien. Hacía muy buen tiempo todos los días y mucho calor.

Paul: ¿Qué temperatura hacía?

Mónica: Unos cuarenta grados.

Paul: ¿Qué dices? ¡Eso es horrible!

Mónica: A mí la verdad es que me gusta el calor. Hacía bochorno pero estaba bien para mí. Pero la segunda semana fue horrible. Hubo tormenta todos los días, con truenos y relámpagos.

Paul: ¿En serio?

Mónica: Sí sí. El último día hubo un vendaval impresionante y estuvo jarreando todo el día. Pensaba que iban a cancelar el vuelo, pero no lo cancelaron.

Paul: Bueno, menos mal que ya has vuelto.

Mónica: Sí, aquí hace un frío que pela pero bueno, por lo menos no está lloviendo.

Paul: No, lloviendo no. Pero he leído que mañana va a granizar.

Mónica: ¿Granizar? ¿Qué dices?

Paul: Sí sí y las temperaturas van a bajar cinco grados.

Mónica: ¡Oh no! ¡Estoy harta del mal tiempo!

Paul: Ya, yo quiero que haga bueno también.

 

So, how did you get on? How much did you understand of the listening? Please let me know in the comments section below…

Don’t worry if you didn’t understand that much, keep reviewing the vocabulary and phrases and you will soon be up to speed and ready for the next lesson in this course. See you next time!

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