“Extra” le

John gave the book to Steve / John le dio el libro a Steve

John gave the book to them / John les dio el libro a ellos.

John gave the book to Steve and Al / John le dio el libro a Steve y Al.

2 questions:

1) is there a simple explanation for why the ind obj pronoun must be included in the 1st example?

2) why is the ind obj pronoun in the 3rd example “le” instead of “les”?

submitted by /u/rmm303030
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