Whats the difference between agudas, graves, esdrújulas, and sobresdrújulas, vs diptongos and hiatos?

I’m confused about the difference between agudas, graves, esdrújulas, and sobresdrújulas, vs diptongas and hiatos. Can a word be both, for example, an aguda and a diptonga? Or are the first four completely separate categories from the last two and don’t overlap? I hope that makes sense.

From what I understand, agudas through sobresdrújulas are what syllable is stressed while diptongas and hiatos are more to do with vowel placements in the words? Is that correct?

This topic as a whole is confusing to me. If anyone could give me an explanation on this or give me a link to where I can find a good one I’d really appreciate it. ¡Gracias!

(Also, is learning about this really that important? My teacher is placing a great deal of importance on it but I don’t really see the point…)

submitted by /u/Cxrly
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